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Diamond Jewelry for April Birthday

April's birthstone and the gem for wedding engagement. 


Why We Love This Gemstone

Global Language 

  • The 4Cs, created by GIA, are considered the global language of diamond quality. 

Carbon 

  • Diamond is the only gem composed of one single element: carbon. 

A billion years 

  • Most diamonds formed more than a billion years ago, deep in the earth’s mantle. 


Quality Factors
The human contribution to a diamond’s beauty is a well-executed cut. 
Clarity

  • Clarity grades assess the number, size, relief, and position of inclusions and blemishes.

Color

  • The less color, the higher the grade. Even the slightest hint can make a dramatic difference in value.

Cut

  • Cut (proportions, symmetry, and polish) is a measure of how a diamond’s facets interact with light.

Carat Weight

  • Rarity means larger diamonds of the same quality are worth more per carat.

309 8th Street Glenwood Springs, CO  

April Birthstone 

Diamond

970.945.5222

On almost all modern birthstone lists, diamond is recognized today as the birthstone for April. Diamond is also the gem that marks the 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries.

Diamonds are among nature’s most precious and beautiful creations. This hardest gem of all is made of just one element: carbon. It’s valued for its colorless nature and purity. Most diamonds are primeval—over a billion years old—and form deep within the earth.



About Diamonds

Diamond forms under high temperature and pressure conditions that exist only about 100 miles beneath the earth’s surface. Diamond’s carbon atoms are bonded in essentially the same way in all directions. Another mineral, graphite, also contains only carbon, but its formation process and crystal structure are very different. Graphite is so soft that you can write with it, while diamond is so hard that you can only scratch it with another diamond. 

Diamond’s characteristic chemical composition and crystal structure make it a unique member of the mineral kingdom.

Diamond is the only gem made of a single element: It is typically about 99.95 percent carbon. The other 0.05 percent can include one or more trace elements, which are atoms that aren’t part of the diamond’s essential chemistry. Some trace elements can influence its color or crystal shape.

Whether fashioned or rough, and no matter what their shape, all diamonds have the same chemical composition and internal crystal structure.

The way a mineral forms helps determine its identity. Diamond forms under high temperature and pressure conditions that exist only within a specific depth range (about 100 miles) beneath the earth’s surface. Diamond’s crystal structure is isometric, which means the carbon atoms are bonded in essentially the same way in all directions. Another mineral, graphite, also contains only carbon, but its formation process and crystal structure are very different. The result is that graphite is so soft that you can write with it, while diamond is so hard that you can only scratch it with another diamond.


The most common shape for rough gem quality diamond is the octahedron, which looks like two pyramids back to back. Crystals that are almost perfect in shape and transparency are called glassies.

Without any one of these factors, diamond might be just another mineral. Fortunately, though, this special combination of chemical composition, crystal structure, and formation process gives diamonds the qualities that make them extraordinary.